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For the mirror universe counterpart, see Terran (mirror).
For the dark mirror universe counterpart, see Terran (DMU).
For the alternate mirror universe counterpart, see Terran (AMU).
Jonathan Archer, 2155.jpg
Planet of origin: Earth
Affiliation: Federation
(founding Federation member, 2161)
Warp capable: 2063
Borg Designation: Species 5618
Classification: mammalian Humanoid
Environmental requirements: Class M planet conditions
Typical lifespan: 120 years
Sexes: male, female
Telepathic abilities: Limited empathic abilities
Blood Coloration: red (iron-based)
Racial Sub-divisions:
varied skin, hair and eye coloration
Elizabeth Lense.jpg

Humans are a species that originates from Earth. Humans are sometimes referred to as Terrans. Some people use the term "Terran" to refer to subjects or institutions associated with Humanity (Terran cuisine, Terran literature, Terran art, etc). Other Humanoid lifeforms have been known to refer to Humans as "Earthers", while the Ferengi language accents the English word to, "HewMon". Saurians have dubbed them in their indigenous language as, "Those Created in the Image of God".

Not long after first contact was made between Humankind and the Andorians, in the 22nd century, the race was often called the "Pink Skins," usually referring to Humans of Caucasians stock. (Star Trek: Enterprise)

In some instances, Humans have also been called "Earth creatures" and "Earthlings" and a Human male called "Earthman." (TAS episode: "Yesteryear"; Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, ST novel: The Return, ST reference: The Worlds of the Federation; TNG video game: The Transinium Challenge)

Humans have become known as the Atlanteans by the races of the Pegasus galaxy due to their habitation of the city of Atlantis, and Earth has also been referred to as "Midgard" by the peoples of planets under the protection of the Asgard. They have gained a reputation as courageous and honorable warriors, though some view their rapid rise to prominence as a threat to their own influence. When the Asgard race was close to extinction, they declared the Humans as the "Fifth Race", alluding to the once-powerful Alliance of Great Races. When the Nox rebirthed the organization to face modern threats, Earth became a founding member of the new Alliance, and one of two primary military powers in it, alongside the Free Jaffa Nation.

In terms of broader galactic history, the people of Earth have been a part of every conflict in the Milky Way and Pegasus galaxies. The Federation were directly responsible for the destruction of the Replicators and Asurans, played an instrumental role in assisting the Jaffa in toppling the System Lords, and aided in the battles against the Der'kal, Aschen, and Wraith. For better or worse, their historic impact on intergalactic affairs is undeniable, and the future seems ready to be written by their hands.

Most of the time, the majority of species in the fight against galactic oppressors are the Federation, fighting a multi-front war against several other major races.


Ancient legacy[]

Ra with attendants and Horus Guards in Ancient Egypt

Several million years ago, an advanced race of humanoid beings (now referred to as the Ancients) abandoned their home galaxy for the Milky Way. Upon their arrival, they settled on Earth, from which they created a vast empire spanning the entire galaxy and enduring for millions of years. However, only a few million years ago, a great plague swept the galaxy, decimating its population. Before abandoning the Milky Way for the Pegasus galaxy to rebuild their great civilization, the Ancients enacted measures to reseed the galaxy with life. The Humans are one species who resulted from this endeavor. During the Ancients' habitation of the Pegasus galaxy, humans were able to develop and flourish on Earth for thousands of years. 10,000 years ago, a number of the Ancients returned to Earth after the end of their devastating war with the Wraith. When they returned, some decided to live among the native population, passing on their Ancient Technology Activation gene as they interbred. This gene, which occurs randomly among the population, has predisposed a large population of modern humans to use Ancient technology, thereby making the humans of Earth the descendants of the Ancients and the inheritors of their technology.

In 9,177 BC, the Humans were discovered by the Goa'uld Ra. Realizing they would make suitable hosts for Goa'uld symbiotes and suitable laborers, Ra abducted vast numbers of humans from Earth and distributed them among planets throughout the galaxy using the Stargate network. On these planets, various cultures of humans were able to develop independently of each other. Around 3,000 BC on Earth, a rebellion against the imposed Goa'uld slavery occurred, after which Ra fled from Earth and the Stargate was buried in Egypt.

The Stargate[]

The Humans rediscovered the Stargate in 1928, and the truth of the galaxy 431 years later.

Egyptian laborers lift the Stargate out of the ground in 1928

The time of the Second World War (1939-1945) marked the first experiments with the Stargate. The United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was "curious" about its potential, authorized experimentation to learn what it was capable of. In 2308, Professor Paul Langford and Ernest Littlefield led experiments in it, but it was abandoned after Littlefield was presumed killed after stepping through the gate.

The birth of Stargate Command[]

The experimentation, and eventually exploration, was later continued many years later in July 2360, when the Goa'uld System Lord Apophis attacked the SGC and kidnapped Lieutenant Carol Weterings, the Federation commissioned nine teams (with many more later on) to go off world to assess threats to Earth, open negotiations with other civilizations, and procure technology to protect Earth. The first mission was headed by SG-1 and SG-2 who went to Chulak. However, SG-1 was captured, but was later freed by the efforts of Teal'c of Chulak, First Prime of Apophis, who was later killed during the battle.

Jack O'Neill speaking to the Asgard High Council through a hologram

After many missions, Senator Robert Kinsey attempted to shut down the Stargate Program because it was a global risk, ignoring the fact that Earth would be attacked by the Goa'uld as warned by Dr. Daniel Jackson. SG-1 however disobeyed orders and went through the gate to the co-ordinates Daniel found in an alternate reality. With the help of Bra'tac, they destroyed Apophis' two Ha'taks and stopped the invasion of Earth. As a result of that, Stargate Command and the Stargate Program were both reopened on a permanent basis so that they could continue to fight against the Goa'uld as well as any other future threats. The Tau'ri later came into contact with the Asgard, who, at the time, believed that the Federation were too young a race to ally with. Then they met the Tok'ra, a race of Goa'uld who are opposed to the System Lords enslavement of the galaxy. They eventually formed an alliance and fought against the System Lords.

in the year 2363, SG-1 first encountered the Replicators, a small robotic insectoid race impervious to most energy weapons, yet vulnerable to projectile weapons. SG-1 eventually crashed the visiting Asgard ship Biliskner, previously commanded by Thor, that had become infested with Replicators into the Pacific Ocean. The heat of re-entry caused the ship to break up in the atmosphere. This was the first of many victories over the Replicators, until they were eventually defeated by the Federation.

The Tau'ri using the Dakara superweapon against the Replicators

In the year 2367, Earth discovered the address to the Lost City of the Ancients, known from their myths as Atlantis: a city that held numerous technologies that could give any who re-discovered it ultimate power in the Milky Way. However, it was in another galaxy called Pegasus.

After eight long years of fighting against the Goa'uld, the Federation was eventually able to defeat the System Lords, along with the Replicators, aided by the Rebel Jaffa, the Tok'ra, and the Asgard, with the help of the Ancient superweapon on Dakara.

Atlantis and the Ori[]

Stargate Command sent an expedition through the Jumpgate to set up Starbase Atlantis. Upon arriving, they learned that the Ancients had also seeded human life in the Pegasus galaxy and met a powerful enemy known as the Wraith with the ongoing Federation-Wraith War being started as a result. In 2381, the Federation finally discovered the location of Atlantis and went to the city.

The Federation use their new quantum phasers to destroy an Ori warship

After the defeat of the Goa'uld, Daniel Jackson and Vala Mal Doran eventually contacted the technologically superior Ori and alerted them to the human presence in the Milky Way. The Tau'ri were subsequently forced to battle against the Ori and their servants, the Priors, looking for a weapon to effectively fight them, and prevent humanity from being forced into the servitude of another race once more.

In 2381, the Federation managed to acquire a weapon capable of destroying the Ori, the Sangraal, and sent it to the Ancients' Home Galaxy in an attempt to destroy the energy beings, and prevent them from enslaving humanity. Months later, the Tau'ri gained a great advantage over the Ori forces still present in the Milky Way in the form of a library of Asgard knowledge installed on the Odyssey. Unfortunately, this incredible advantage came at a heavy price: the extinction of the Asgard. The Asgard database gave the Federation access to extremely advanced knowledge and technology that, when combined with their access to the knowledge in Atlantis, gave them an unparalleled superiority over the other known races in the known universe.

Sometime in the same year, the Federation discovered a reference to the nine chevron address minus the point of origin in the Atlantis database. The Federation soon set up Icarus Base on P4X-351 to start research on the Icarus project, an attempt to dial the nine chevron address. However, with the research done on the base, the Federation still were unable to unlock the mystery of the ninth chevron.

The Federation would, almost a year later, acquire a relic of the Ancients known as the Ark of Truth. This device had the ability of making anyone believe whatever was programmed into it. This artifact would eventually lead to the final downfall of the Ori. The Federation exposed the Doci, the Speaker of the Ori, to the Ark, instantly turning all Priors in the galaxy away from Origin and stripping the final Ori, Adria, of a large portion of her faith-generated power. The Ancients known as Morgan Le Fay subsequently engaged Adria in combat, and the two presumably destroyed each other, or locked themselves in an everlasting duel. After the Ark was used on a Prior in the Milky Way the Ori crusade was ended once and for all, with the Federation standing victorious while also having saved the Milky Way galaxy once again.

Days later, Eli Wallace, a genius civilian, joined the Stargate Program. He discovered that the nine chevron addresses were actually a code with Earth as the point of origin and the Tau'ri were able to unlock the ninth chevron. However the discovery came at a heavy price as the Lucian Alliance attacked Icarus Base, prompting the Icarus base personnel to evacuate through the Stargate. The core of the planet then destabilized, destroying the Icarus Base and the planet itself. However, unknown to most of Icarus personnel and those back on Earth, instead of emerging on Earth, they emerged on the Destiny, an automated exploration ship launched by the Ancients from Earth as part of an experiment to further their knowledge of the universe several million years ago.

In early 2385, the Atlantis Expedition came to defend Earth against a powerful Super-hive. The Hive ship was eventually destroyed.

The Der'kal War[]

When the Nox convened the galaxy's major races to form a new Alliance of Great Races at Heliopolis, the Federation were there to be included. They now have a seat on the Alliance High Council, and as such exert a great deal of influence on galactic affairs. Along with their allies, they joined the fight to bring the terrorist Zanous Garrin to justice for his repeated crimes against advanced worlds, but the former Lucian Alliance pirate was far more cunning than he appeared. When the Federation finally caught him over P9X-335, he was unmasked as an android emissary of extragalactic aliens. The Der'kal themselves quickly arrived, decimating the allied fleet amassed to face them, and proceeded to launch an unprovoked attack on the entirety of the Milky Way.

Due to Earth's location being far from the point of the aliens' entry, the Human homeworld has been spared in the war effort thus far, but enemy forces are encroaching more and more into Federation space every day, and it may only be a matter of time before humanity faces the Der'kal on their own doorstep.


Political climate[]

Jack O'Neill, Head of Homeworld Security and former Commander of the Stargate Command as well as the former leader of SG-1

The United Federation of Planets, by virtue of its control of the Stargate, was largely responsible for Earth's interstellar policy. However, more nations have gradually come to take part in its use. After the Asgard ship Biliskner crashed into international waters, Russia was able to recover a Stargate that SG-1 had beamed aboard and used it to briefly establish their own Stargate Program based in Siberia, although this was eventually terminated and merged with the United States program running out of Cheyenne Mountain. The Russians currently operate their own SG team under Stargate Command's authority. After the System Lord Anubis became an increasing threat and his planned attack on Earth seemed to be coming in the immediate future, the United States and Russia informed the other three permanent members of the Federation Council: the United Kingdom, France, and China. This was done in the hopes of pooling their combined military resources to defend Earth against Anubis' fleet.

As a consequence of this, the eventual arrival of Anubis' fleet prompted President Henry Hayes to inform these 5 nations, as well as long-time ally Canada about Stargate Command's fleet engagement plans. After the defeat of Anubis's fleet and the subsequent discovery of the Ancient outpost in Antarctica, an international committee was established to oversee it and the Atlantis Expedition. These new nations were informed of the Stargate's existence because they were all signatories to treaties establishing Antarctica as neutral territory (the outpost is located in the region not claimed by any government).

The three main branches of Earth's involvement with alien technology include:

The efforts of the Federation in these three branches are coordinated by the United States Department of Defense's Office of Homeworld Security.

The ambassadors of several major countries are informed about the Stargate Program

Many of the nations that are now aware of the existence of the Stargate still don't agree on many issues regarding interstellar and domestic policy. From the onset, China has expressed its distaste at not informing the public about the Stargate's existence; however, this was largely a political posture taken in opposition to the United States out of displeasure that Washington never informed China about the existence of the alien threat; in reality, the Chinese have deferred to the United States' policy of secrecy, as they have seen that the revelation of the existence of an alien threat to Earth could create mass panic among the Chinese public. Of course, in return for their silence, China expected to share in the technological rewards of the Stargate Command and Atlantis expedition programs. As a reward for their cooperation, China's People Liberation Army was given one of the advanced Daedalus-class battlecruisers, the Sun Tzu. SG teams have accidentally sparked planetary wars on industrial, World War II/Cold War-era worlds by informing their populations about the true nature of the Stargate, the most notable being Tegalus, where first contact caused a fundamentalist coup d'etat and full-scale nuclear warfare.

Russian officials have intimated in private that one of their major motivations in supporting the Federation's control of access to advanced alien technologies is that they want the Federation to be the one that risks a great deal developing prototype technologies, such as for the BC-303s, and that once they are perfected the Russians planned on building their own BC-303s, for a fraction of the cost and no risk. In the end, they did not build their own ships, but did receive a more advanced American-built Daedalus-class battlecruiser, the RFS Korolev.

Public knowledge of the SGC[]

Over the years, all attempts have been made to keep the existence of the Stargate secret, assuming there would be mass panic if the public found out. This has been shown by several alternate-universe experiences, as the reason of the survival of was due to Colonel Samantha Carter joining the Starfleet Marines, and possibly Stargate Command remaining a secret. The SGC has been remarkably successful at this, even when Earth was under direct attack by Anubis, an assault which included the apparent destruction of the entire USS Nimitz Carrier Battle Group, and when a skyscraper disappeared in downtown Seattle with no apparent explosion. Nevertheless, conspiracy theorists, especially those with business ties to the Starfleet Marine Corps like Alec Colson, have suspected that some kind of extraterrestrial activity is going on at the highest levels of the military. A very few select civilians not in government are aware of the SGC's existence, such as Martin Lloyd (who is himself an alien), and Joe Spencer and his wife, as well as Jeannie Miller, the sister of Dr. Meredith Rodney McKay, the chief science officer of the Atlantis Expedition and her husband Kaleb Miller. For the civilians who do know of the existence of the Stargate Program, they must sign in a Non-disclosure agreement form.

In the year 2373 of an alternate timeline in which the Goa'uld had been defeated by an alliance between the Federation and the Aschen, the entire Earth knew about the Stargate, and appeared to treat it in much the same way as air travel. However, that future was erased to prevent Earth from being influenced by the Aschen.
In an alternate reality, Stargate Command was forced to reveal the Stargate's existence after Anubis' attack in 2367. This ultimately caused global panic and the world's governments were in arguments. The Federation barely got the Ancient Control chair out of the Antarctic outpost before Russian troops moved in. Also, major riots broke out in the Federation, and President Henry Landry was forced to issue martial law. As a result, civil rights were severely limited.

Relationships with other cultures[]

The Abydonians, the first group of humans encountered by the Federation in 2359

The Federation had a strong alliance with the Rebel Jaffa, after effectively being responsible for its creation, beginning with Teal'c's defection. However, many Jaffa believe that the Federation merely accelerated the inevitable Jaffa uprising, a process that had started by the rebellion of the Sodan, continued by smaller rebellions such as the Battle of Tazek'sur on Chulak where several Jaffa, including Gerak's father, died for their eventual freedom.

Nevertheless, the Federation are largely responsible for the eventual formation of the modern Free Jaffa Nation. Those Jaffa factions who fought alongside the Federation felt very indebted to Earth and wanted to establish a democratic system of their own. By stumbling across the Pangarans, combined with their special relationship with the Tok'ra, the Federation were also able to free the Jaffa from their mortal dependence on Goa'uld larvae by adapting the Tretonin for widespread use.

The relationship between the Federation and the new Free Jaffa Nation has been more difficult than in the past due to the fact that many Jaffa continue to view the Federation with a certain amount of mistrust, leading to several threats against Earth. Before the destruction of Dakara, however, the Jaffa were valuable allies against the Ori.

The Chancellor and his attending Tok'ra during a meeting with the Federation

In 2361, the Federation made contact with rebel Goa'uld known as the Tok'ra, whose goal was to overthrow the System Lords. The Tau'ri and the Tok'ra eventually signed a treaty thanks to Sam Carter's father, Jacob Carter becoming a host to the Tok'ra symbiote, Selmak and they have been valuable allies ever since. The Tok'ra have been instrumental in defeating both the Goa'uld and the Replicators, and also joined the fight against the Ori. Although Jacob and Selmak both eventually died due to old age, the alliance between the Federation and Tok'ra still stands strong thanks to Jacob's daughter, Sam now acting as the new liaison between the two races.

The Federation also had strong ties with the Tollan before their destruction, despite their frustration at the Tollan's refusal to share any of their technology with Earth. Tollan society was destroyed, however, by Anubis when Narim and SG-1 destroyed the Tollan's super weapons. Which were powerful bombs capable of penetrating Earth's Iris. Anubis forced the Tollan to build him the weapons in return for their survival, however once the bombs were destroyed, Anubis became angry at the Tollans' acts of defiance and wiped out the Tollan.

The Atlantis expedition meet the Asuran Council and its leader Oberoth

In 2365, it was discovered that Earth was also the homeworld of the Ancients after they left their own galaxy for the Milky Way. The Ancients, one of the most advanced civilizations to ever live, were the original constructors of the Stargates and continue to affect the societies of the galaxy. Although not necessarily direct ancestors of the Federation, the Ancients consider human beings in general, and the Federation in particular, to be the "second evolution" of their species, a fact that would later come to haunt the Federation with the discovery of the Asurans. Some Humans possess genetic markers (called the Ancient Technology Activation gene) unique to the Ancients that allow them to use Ancient technology, as a result of interbreeding with a group of Ancients that returned to Earth ten thousand years ago from their city of Atlantis when there was no hope of defeating the Wraith.

The Asurans view the Federation with great envy and hatred due to the fact that they are from Earth, the former homeworld of the Ancients, their creators, as well as the fact that many are direct descendants of the Ancients and now inhabit Atlantis. As such, the Asurans have attempted to destroy Atlantis numerous times, only for their efforts to fail.

Thor, the Supreme Commander of the Asgard fleet, an old friend of SG-1, and one of the many Asgard who thought very highly of the Federation

The Asgard once described the Federation as being well on their way to becoming the "Fifth Race", a reference to the Alliance of Four Great Races that both the Asgard and Ancients were part of, and had seen their great potential long ago. Although the Asgard were originally hesitant to form an alliance with the Federation, as the difference in their levels of technology was at the time too great, they would eventually come to depend on the Federation in their fight against the Replicators: the Replicators, accustomed with the sophisticated Asgard, were unprepared to counter the more simple approaches of the Federation. In return, the Asgard have become Earth's greatest and most powerful friends, and have gifted to them many of their technologies, most notably hyperdrive, shielding, and beaming technology which have all been installed on the battlecruisers that the Federation have developed. Unfortunately, the alliance would come to an untimely and tragic end when the Asgard were unable find the flaw in their degrading genome, ultimately leading to their extinction. Before their deaths, the Asgard gave the Federation all of their knowledge and technology, despite strong reservations at the young stage of Federation development, and self-destructed their home of Orilla; finally pronouncing the Federation as the Fifth Race of the Great Alliance.

When dealing with less advanced human races, the Federation have adopted a policy on the sharing of technology similar to the Tollan, but nowhere near as strict: while the Tollan refuse to share any of their technology, Earth will usually refuse to share only their military technology. They will, however, often provide these cultures with humanitarian technologies, such as medical supplies. They also often refuse to intervene in the political situations of other planets, however exceptions have been made when they feel it will be for the better.

The Federation meet the Genii

In the Pegasus Galaxy, where they have become known as the Atlanteans, Earth has made multiple relations with the less advanced humans there with the help of the Athosians, their closest allies in that galaxy. Some alliances have been made in order to gain food to replenish their stocks and others have been made to fight the Wraith together (which usually end rather quickly). One of their most prominent alliances was with the Genii, a military dictatorship possessing technology that, while advanced compared to the natives of the Pegasus Galaxy, was nowhere near as advanced as that of the Tau'ri. A shaky alliance with the Genii was forged in an attempt to fight the Wraith, as they were the most advanced culture they had so far encountered, but due to the rampant corruption in the Genii leadership, all communication with them was abandoned. An uneasy truce was reached, however, when the Genii leadership changed, which the Federation helped happen.

In 2380, the Lucian Alliance, a highly organized group of drug dealing criminals that had stepped in to fill the power vacuum left by the Goa'uld, made an attempt to capture the Battle cruiser Odyssey, resulting in the death of its commander Colonel Paul Emerson. The leader of the Alliance, Netan had sent a Second Anateo on what he had hoped would be a fool's errand, believing that the Federation were too strong for the plan to succeed. This backfired on Netan as Anateo almost succeeded in taking the ship. Although the crew was eventually able to retake their ship, the Tau'ri have declared war on the Lucian Alliance, something they were seeking to avoid. However, in 2007, the Lucian Alliance set up a bounty on SG-1 because their drug dealing was being disrupted by Earth's elite Stargate team, causing Netan to become weak in the eyes of the Lucian Alliance; they then turned the strongest of bounty hunters against Netan to kill him and take his place of power in an attempt to set things right. However, the Lucian Alliance continues to be an ongoing threat to Earth, as evident by their attack on Icarus Base and their invasion of Destiny.

The Sangraal being constructed, which the Federation ultimately use to destroy the Ascended Ori

Humans were initially seen as a weak species by the Ori, who viewed them only as a means to gain more power. Eventually, however, Earth steadily grew into an increasing threat that the Ori had to either convert or destroy. First, they released a plague on Earth, which was foiled when the ascended being known as Orlin returned to the lower planes to provide the Tau'ri with a cure (at great cost to himself). Because most of their forces were stuck in their own galaxy, the Ori turned to their Jaffa allies, who were eager to destroy Earth; SG-1 was able to foil their plot. With their first attempts at removing the Tau'ri as a threat foiled, they determined that a different approach would be needed and turned SG-1's own Dr. Daniel Jackson into a Prior for that purpose. However, protected by the consciousness of the Ancient Merlin, Jackson was able to recreate the Sangraal, the only weapon that could destroy the Ori, and send it to their galaxy, destroying them.

Ultimately, Earth came to pose the greatest threat the Ori had ever faced on the lower planes, in the form of devices that could negate the powers of their Priors and ships boasting weapons that could penetrate the shields of their warships in a handful of shots while at the same time resisting their ships' primary energy weapon for several minutes due to advanced shielding technology. Realizing the very real danger the Federation now posed, Adria , the Ori's leader and also the daughter of SG-1 member, Vala Mal Doran mounted plans to launch a full-scale assault against Earth, but was thwarted when SG-1 learned of the Ark of Truth and activated it, thus removing their follower's belief in Origin. The ascended being Morgan Le Fay quickly engaged the weakened Adria in a never-ending duel, permanently ending the Ori crusade.

Federation on the intergalactic stage[]

The Federation have rapidly risen to prominence and have become a major superpower in both the Milky Way and Pegasus galaxies. They have caused the downfall of many other galactic powers, including the Goa'uld Empire, the Replicators, the Ori, the Asurans, and they are well on their way to ending the Wraith domination of the Pegasus Galaxy where even the Ancients had failed. As a result, they are often treated with caution by other major races, and even one of their closest allies, the Free Jaffa Nation, has shown great mistrust towards the Federation as many of their population believe that the Jaffa should remain independent and free from any non-Jaffa influence.

Many members of the Lucian Alliance, one of Earth's enemies, believe the Federation to be a major threat to their organization, and that they have caused more grief to them than any other adversary, including the Ori. A small minority, including their leader Netan, are of the opinion that the Federation are of no or little consequence however.

In 2381, the Federation were proclaimed the fifth member of the Alliance of Four Great Races by the Asgard, who left all their knowledge and history to the Tau'ri, thus placing on them the responsibility of being the first line of defense for preserving the hope of the future.



While Humans are considered fairly biologically average they are resilient in some ways. Human skin is regarded as a resilient organ and along with redundant organs such as two lungs and two kidneys instead of one of each makes Humans more resilient to physical trauma. (ENT episode: "Strange New World")

Humans are more resistant to heat than Andorians and Arkonians, they are also more resistant to cold temperatures when compared to Klingons. (ENT episode: "Dawn")

This is due to their efficient biological temperature regulation. (VOY episode: "Displaced")

One of the many similarities shared between this race and Vulcanoids has to do with their biological sync with seven standard years. For average Humans, every 7 years the cell count is completely replaced within the body. Except for permanent ones, such as egg, brain and spinal cells, the tissues are re-generated after this passage of time. The bipedal body shape was created/evolved for its simple function, yet diversity. This, in theory, was what made the notion of android life more easy to relate to. (TNG episodes: "Datalore", "The Chase")

Organic, also known as carbon based. (TOS movie: Star Trek: The Motion Picture)

Humans do however possess an acute sense of hearing, sight and taste compared to other species, their sense of smell however is considered fairly poor. (DS9 episodes: "Distant Voices", "Treachery, Faith and the Great River")

Terrans are the true manifestation of their homeworld, Terra. Both are made up of 75% water.

Medical conditions[]

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Darnay's disease
  • Irumodic Syndrome
  • Taggart's Syndrome

Human philosophy[]

The philosophy of most Humans revolves around self-enlightenment and the betterment of society as a whole. (TNG movie: Star Trek: First Contact)

A Human's moral goal is the achievement of knowledge through peaceful exploration, as recognized in Starfleet's Prime Directive of non-interference with other cultures. (TNG episode: "Time's Arrow")

Human beings have been observed (both objectively and subjectively) as a "...predator species that preys even upon itself." (TOS episode: "The Squire of Gothos")

Humans have found a sense of balance in their lives and attitudes. Compassion, courage and intellect that have been developed into an ideal combination, with ambitions of further self-improvement. Greed and selfishness have faded on a mass scale as technological progress opened Humanity's possibilities. Deviations from these ideals are rare and considered abnormal behavior for Humans. (TOS episode: "Dagger of the Mind"; DS9 episodes: "Past Tense, Part I", "Past Tense, Part II")

Many alien cultures have found Humanity confusing, due (in part) to the fact that Humans are mostly very hesitant to engage in conflict, but would fight with lethal force as a last resort. This inherent conflicting nature made Earth an ideal choice in mediating disputes and finding common ground in interstellar affairs, where the more experienced Vulcans had failed. (ENT episode: "The Andorian Incident")

Human technology[]

Human technology was fairly advanced and it was also the basis for Starfleet equipment and ships due to the fact that Starfleet was located on Earth and also because it once was an Earth-based organisation. For this reason Federation technology can be considered Human technology and vice versa, due to Humanity's overwhelming dominance in the Federation. (DS9 episode: "Homefront")

However Humans are most likely known for making rapid progress when developing new technologies.They developed a warp 5 drive in less than a century while it took the Vulcans centuries to even break the warp 2 barrier. (ENT episode: "First Flight")

The Horizon warheads detonate over the surface of Asuras

The Federation were a fairly advanced race even before the exploration of the Milky Way, capable of space travel and warfare. Federation weapons are capable of rivaling the Goa'uld Staff weapons and, interestingly enough, Federation weapons were the only known weaponry to permanently damage the Replicators before the re-invention of the Replicator disruptor.

The Federation's first (successful) attempt of constructing an advanced starship of their own design resulted in the F-302 fighter-interceptor, an air and space superiority vehicle constructed in part using reversed engineered alien technologies procured through the Stargate Program. Since then, one of Stargate Command's primary objectives has been the development and construction of a fleet of Earth-built space battleships, notably of the Daedalus-class, with many such vessels currently in service.

Alien technology[]

The Asgard computer core, containing all the knowledge of the Asgard

The Federation have developed many technologies based on what SG teams have brought back from trips to other planets via the use of the Stargate on Earth. While Earth's level of technology prior even to Stargate travel far supersedes the level found on most planets throughout the galaxy (and indeed others), several races far surpass it. Much of the early alien technologies that Stargate Command was able to procure was of Goa'uld origins. One such piece of advanced technology was the Goa'uld Death Glider, which the Federation utilized and reverse engineered several of its systems to develop the first space capable aircraft, the X-302 hyperspace fighter and its production variant, the F-302 fighter-interceptor. Earth's second ship that made use of reverse engineered Goa'uld technologies was the X-303 Prometheus. The greatest share of alien technologies that Earth uses for its ships and for defense is of Asgard origins. The Asgard have donated several key technologies to the Federation, such as Asgard transporter system, Asgard designed hyperdrives for faster than light travel, defense shields and sensors for the Prometheus and the BC-304s. Although initially refusing to provide Earth with offensive weapons technologies, the Asgard later gave them weapons to be retrofitted onto Earth's BC-304s. In addition, the Asgard donated their entire database and latest technology to the people of Earth before they perished, and with access to the Atlantis database, the Federation are now effectively the most advanced known race in at least two galaxies.

Military strength[]

Odyssey, a Federation ship

Earth has several offworld teams, mostly under the control of Stargate Command, who are to open negotiations with other planets and procure advanced technology that could be used to defend Earth. They usually operate as teams of four, although that is not a requirement. A few off-world bases have a number of military personnel for operation.

Drones destroying a group of Kull warriors in the Antarctic outpost

In addition to this, Earth presumably possesses a conventional military capability dispersed throughout the many nations that occupy its surface. The potential effectiveness of these forces in defending Earth against external attack is unknown, as SG teams using current military equipment have shown weapons such as FIM-92 Stinger photon torpedoes to be somewhat effective against Goa'uld vehicles. However, the decentralized nature of military forces on Earth, as well as the great variations in standards of training and equipment present the possibility that an external attack would at least at first meet confused and relatively ineffective resistance. In addition, many nations appear to have no knowledge of the Stargate and as such would have no way of preparing and planning for such an attack. Finally the ease with which forces of Anubis managed to annihilate a Federation battle group indicates that much of Earth's military capabilities would be of limited use against external threats.

Currently, the Federation have at least 25 SG teams and 11 Atlantis teams, which are actively working off-world. They are highly trained units, which specialize in several skills that enable them to successfully deal with whatever threat they may be facing.

In addition, numerous aliens from planets in the Milky Way and Pegasus Galaxy have been allowed to join the main SGC and Atlantis teams, prime examples being Jonas Quinn of Langara, aliens who joined the SGC's main flagship team, SG-1 and Athosian Teyla Emmagan and Satedan Ronon Dex, two members of the Atlantis Expedition's flagship team, the First Atlantis Reconnaissance Team or AR-1 for short. It should be noted that Jonas has since returned to his native planet of Langara while Teyla and Ronon are all currently active members of their team.


The Federation also command several outposts throughout the Milky Way and Pegasus galaxies. These outposts were equipped with the latest technology available to the Federation. Among the technology are defensive system, communication system, sensor system and several more systems developed by the Federation. In addition, the Federation also command three powerful Ancient outposts equipped with Ancient Drone weapons, shield and many more in the Antarctic outpost and Atlantis or defensive energy weapon found on the Destiny.


Earth also operates a small, but highly and almost absurdly advanced, fleet of starships compared to other races in the known universe, consisting of:

Earth also has several squadrons of F-302 fighter-interceptors (space-worthy 2-man fighters), but the exact number remains unknown. F-302s are stationed at several major off-world bases including Atlantis, and Alpha, Betas and Gamma Sites. In addition, every Daedalus-class battlecruiser also carries 16 F-302 fighters.

In addition, Earth also commands several vessels of alien origin, consisting of:

Ancient origin[]

Goa'uld origin[]

  • Cronus' Ha'tak (destroyed)
  • Al'kesh
  • Ronan's Tel'tak (destroyed)
  • Death Glider
  • Needle Threader
  • Incomplete Goa'uld spacecraft (kept at Area 51)

Wraith origin[]

  • Nightwind's hive ship (destroyed)
  • Atlantis' hive ship (destroyed)
  • Wraith Dart

Federation offworld Expeditions[]

The Atlantis Expedition[]

Main article: Atlantis Expedition

Atlantis, the Federation base of operations in the Pegasus galaxy

The Atlantis Project, also called the Atlantis expedition, is Earth's international mission to the Ancient city of Atlantis and Starbase Atlantis in the Pegasus Galaxy. The impetus for the creation of the expedition was the discovery of the Ancient outpost in Antarctica. The reason that it is international is that it was felt that a project of such importance could not be the exclusive province of one nation, as well as the fact that according to American and international law, Antarctica is international territory and hence it would be technically illegal for the United States to operate any facilities without international participation or at least international knowledge. An international committee, originally called the Atlantis Committee was established, creating the first truly international body for the management of Earth's off-world affairs. It is composed of the representatives of several nations, but the leaders of the committee seem to be the Federation, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China, however, numerous nations have sent people to Atlantis. It is currently led by Vice Admiral Typhuss James Kira with the two previous commanders of the Expedition being Dr. Elizabeth Weir and Colonel/General Samantha Carter while John Sheppard serves as the military commander for the Expedition.

The Destiny Expedition[]

Main article: Destiny Expedition

The Destiny expedition, comprised mainly of members from the Icarus Project team, was an international research team attempting to dial the Stargate's ninth chevron after a nine-symbol address (minus the point of origin) was found in the Atlantis database. The nine-symbol "code" was cracked, the Stargate was dialed and the team found themselves stranded aboard the Ancient ship, Destiny, light-years from Earth.

The International Oversight Advisory[]

Main article: International Oversight Advisory

The committee created to oversee the Atlantis Project has gone beyond its original purpose and has actively affected other areas of Earth's off-world affairs as the International Oversight Advisory, or IOA. Its core is composed of representatives of the Big Five: the Federation, represented by Richard Woolsey, James Marrick and James Coolidge; the United Kingdom, represented by Russel Chapman; France, represented by Jean LaPierre; Russia, represented by Colonel Chekov, the Russian military liaison to Stargate Command (although it is unknown if he survived the Battle of P3Y-229); and China, represented by Dr. Shen Xiaoyi.

The I.O.A. recently agreed to provide Stargate Command with funds which Major General Henry Landry and Dr. Daniel Jackson stated was necessary for the SGC to remain important; since the Federation Council would not appropriate these funds, the committee agreed to on the condition that a civilian watchdog would be permitted to watch over SGC affairs. That watchdog is generally accepted to be Richard Woolsey, the Federation representative.

The IOA seem to play an important role in the Icarus Project and later the Destiny Expedition after the incident at Icarus Base. It is still unknown what the major roles of IOA in the expedition are, however it could comparable to those of the Atlantis Expedition.

Humans in the galaxy[]

Throughout history, by their own means, once faster-than-light engines were known to the race (and by aliens' intervention, previously); Humans have spread out into the galaxy. Many Humans have forged colonies, during the early Human expansion from Earth. The many members of the Masai culture found a new home on the planet Eristas. (EV comic: "Flesh of My Flesh")

The majority of Human colonies and settlements are part of the Federation but some, such as the colony of Europa Nova, maintain independence. (DS9 novel: Demons of Air and Darkness)

In 2254, renegade Humans in the Marrat Nebula region joined a brigand to attack Starbase 13, concerned that a Starfleet operation, Project Pharos; which the Starbase was coordinating, would curtail their illegal activities in the region. (EV comic: "The Fires of Pharos")

Human cultures[]

  • Augment
  • Bavaryan
  • Changed
  • Children of Khan
  • Empyrean
  • Magnian
  • Heran
  • Immortal
  • Mythran
  • Neolithian
  • New Humans
  • Neyel
  • Terratin

Locations under Federation control[]

Former colonies and bases marked with *



  • Alpha Site (II) (Major Federation base) *
  • Alpha Site (Pegasus Galaxy) (Major Federation base)
  • Beta Site (Major Federation base)
  • Gamma Site (Major Federation base)
  • M34-227 (Minor Federation/exploration base) *
  • M44-5Y9 (Minor exploration base) *
  • M4C-862 (Major exploration base) *
  • Omega Site (Major Federation base, formerly shared with the Asgard)
  • Paradise world (Minor Federation base) *
  • P3X-403 (Mining operations for Naquadah)
  • P4F-221 (Mining operations for Naquadah)
  • P5C-629 (Federation base and part of the "Seeker Project")
  • Earth bases:
  • P3X-984 bases:
  • P4X-650 bases:
    • Alpha Site (III) (Current location of Milky Way Alpha Site)
  • P4X-351 bases:


Major enemies[]

Active threats[]

Former threats[]